Mutations in the TAR-DNA Binding Protein-43 (TDP-43) encoding the TARDBP gene are present in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). TDP-43 is the major component of ubiquitin-positive inclusions in motor neurons in ALS patients. We report here a novel heterozygous missense mutation in TARDBP in an ALS patient presenting a rapid form of ALS. This mutation p.N259S is located within the RNA recognition motif 2 (RRM2) in very close proximity with nucleotides in RNA. It is the first time a mutation was reported in this RRM2 domain of TDP-43. Expression of TDP-43N259S in neuronal cells NSC-34 and in primary cultures of motor neurons was associated with cytoplasmic TDP-43/ubiquitin positive inclusions. Our findings identified for the first time a mutation in ALS in the RRM2 domain of TDP-43, reinforcing the link between this RNA-binding protein, perturbations in RNA metabolism, disruption in protein homeostasis and ALS.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Jan 2018|