Myxoid chondrosarcoma of soft tissue and bone: a retrospective study of 11 cases

Luigia C. Abramovici*, German C. Steiner, Fiona Bonar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


This article describes 11 cases of myxoid chondrosarcoma (MCS), with 10 arising in soft tissues and one developing in bone. Most of the tumors (six) were located in the lower extremities. Two lesions developed in the fingers, a previously unreported location for MCS. Four cases showed secondary bone destruction, which is a rare feature of this tumor. S100 protein was expressed by tumor cells in all the specimens. Four out of eight tumors studied by electron microscopy contained intracisternal microtubular structures. Two tumors showed areas of spindle cell proliferation that merged with the areas of typical myxoid pattern. The cells in these areas had fibroblastic/myofibroblastic features by electron microscopy and were found to express cytokeratin by immunohistochemistry. The concomitant expression of cytokeratin and S100 protein in the spindle cells suggests that they represent a less differentiated cartilaginous component with unusual features. The clinical significance of the presence of such spindle cell areas presently remains unknown. Although myxoid chondrosarcoma is a slow-growing tumor, it has a high potential for metastases. Four of 11 patients in this series developed metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1220
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Pathology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995
Externally publishedYes

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