Nanostructured gas sensors: from air quality and environmental monitoring to healthcare and medical applications

Xiaohu Chen, Michelle Leishman, Darren Bagnall, Noushin Nasiri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

In the last decades, nanomaterials have emerged as multifunctional building blocks for the development of next generation sensing technologies for a wide range of industrial sectors including the food industry, environment monitoring, public security, and agricultural production. The use of advanced nanosensing technologies, particularly nanostructured metal-oxide gas sensors, is a promising technique for monitoring low concentrations of gases in complex gas mixtures. However, their poor conductivity and lack of selectivity at room temperature are key barriers to their practical implementation in real world applications. Here, we provide a review of the fundamental mechanisms that have been successfully implemented for reducing the operating temperature of nanostructured materials for low and room temperature gas sensing. The latest advances in the design of efficient architecture for the fabrication of highly performing nanostructured gas sensing technologies for environmental and health monitoring is reviewed in detail. This review is concluded by summarizing achievements and standing challenges with the aim to provide directions for future research in the design and development of low and room temperature nanostructured gas sensing technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1927
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2021. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Air quality
  • Breath analysis
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Nanostructured gas sensors

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