National identity in the anthems of the states emerging from SFR Yugoslavia

Aleksandar Pavkovic*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper explores the texts of the state/national anthems of five states created out of the SFR Yugoslavia: Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. While the lyrics of these anthems offer little if any information about the identity of their singers, the anthems function well as national markers of the singers. While most of them originate in the nineteenth-century poems/songs, from 1989 onwards, they were transformed, through special legislation, into state anthems; their transformation into state anthems was part of the legal preparation for the creation of the new states out of the Communist-ruled federation. The state anthems of Bosnia and Herzegovina and of Kosovo have no lyrics and are consequently not explored in the article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-517
Number of pages19
JournalNational Identities
Issue number5
Early online date17 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • national anthems (lyrics)
  • National identities
  • secession
  • Southeast Europe, history of
  • state anthems (lyrics)
  • state rituals


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