Background: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) associated with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has an adverse prognosis. We investigated individual parameters of RV dysfunction after acute PE, assessing their correlation with the PE extent and recovery during 6 months. Methods: In all, 35 patients (age 63 ± 18 years) with acute PE were prospectively investigated for 6 months with serial echocardiography, incorporating longitudinal myocardial-velocity and strain imaging. The extent of PE was quantified on day 1 by ventilation/perfusion pulmonary scintigraphy with PE defined as large when there was greater than 30% lung involvement. Results: PE extent correlated strongly with a number of parameters of RV function, and the strongest univariate correlates were tricuspid annular motion (TAM) (r = -0.65, P < .0001) and the ratio of RV apical to RV basal systolic velocity (r = 0.66, P < .0001). Multivariate analysis identified TAM (P < .0001) and RV basal late-diastolic velocity (P = .01) as independently predicting PE extent, with a combined correlation (R2 = 0.52, P < .0001). A TAM of less than 2.0 cm had sensitivity, specificity, and positive- and negative-predictive values of 75%, 84%, 75%, and 79%, respectively, in predicting large PE. Prospective follow-up identified that RV:left ventricular end-diastolic area ratio returned to normal within 6 weeks, whereas TAM and ratio of RV apical to RV basal systolic velocity normalized after 3 to 6 months. Conclusion: TAM and ratio of RV apical to RV basal systolic velocity are useful indicators of the extent of PE, and provide unique insights into the recovery of RV function after acute PE.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2007|