Many civil wars have been terminated with a peace agreement that ends
the fighting, but these agreements have not always resulted in lasting
peace. Earlier research on peace agreements has missed important points
during which justice principles can play a role in establishing durable
peace – during the negotiation process itself (procedural justice: PJ)
and as incorporated into the negotiated outcome (distributive justice:
DJ). Nor has the earlier research simultaneously considered the variety
of dimensions that define durable peace, including reconciliation,
security reform, governance, and economic growth. This study fills these
gaps by examining the relationship between the justice and peace
variables in 50 civil wars. Our analyses show that PJ and DJ led to more
stable agreements and to a more durable peace: A significant
time-lagged path from the justice to peace variables was demonstrated.
The results suggest that just negotiation processes and outcomes are
important contributors to peace.