Neoadjuvant systemic therapy in melanoma

recommendations of the International Neoadjuvant Melanoma Consortium

Rodabe N. Amaria, Alexander M. Menzies, Elizabeth M. Burton, Richard A. Scolyer, Michael T. Tetzlaff, Robert Antdbacka, Charlotte Ariyan, Roland Bassett, Brett Carter, Adil Daud, Mark Faries, Leslie A. Fecher, Keith T. Flaherty, Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, Omid Hamid, Angela Hong, John M. Kirkwood, Serigne Lo, Kim Margolin, Jane Messina & 20 others Michael A. Postow, Helen Rizos, Merrick I. Ross, Elisa A. Rozeman, Robyn P. M. Saw, Vernon Sondak, Ryan J. Sullivan, Janis M. Taube, John F. Thompson, Bart A. van de Wiel, Alexander M. Eggermont, Michael A. Davies, International Neoadjuvant Melanoma Consortium, Paolo A. Ascierto, Andrew J. Spillane, Alexander C.J. van Akkooi, Jennifer A. Wargo, Christian U. Blank, Hussein A. Tawbi, Georgina V. Long*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Citations (Scopus)


Advances in the treatment of metastatic melanoma have improved responses and survival. However, many patients continue to experience resistance or toxicity to treatment, highlighting a crucial need to identify biomarkers and understand mechanisms of response and toxicity. Neoadjuvant therapy for regional metastases might improve operability and clinical outcomes over upfront surgery and adjuvant therapy, and has become an established role for drug development and biomarker discovery in other cancers (including locally advanced breast cancer, head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, gastroesophageal cancer, and anal cancer). Patients with clinically detectable stage III melanoma are ideal candidates for neoadjuvant therapy, because they represent a high-risk patient population with poor outcomes when treated with upfront surgery alone. Neoadjuvant therapy is now an active area of research for melanoma with numerous completed and ongoing trials (since 2014) with disparate designs, endpoints, and analyses under investigation. We have, therefore, established the International Neoadjuvant Melanoma Consortium with experts in medical oncology, surgical oncology, pathology, radiation oncology, radiology, and translational research to develop recommendations for investigating neoadjuvant therapy in melanoma to align future trial designs and correlative analyses. Alignment and consistency of neoadjuvant trials will facilitate optimal data organisation for future regulatory review and strengthen translational research across the melanoma disease continuum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e378-e389
Number of pages12
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

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  • Cite this

    Amaria, R. N., Menzies, A. M., Burton, E. M., Scolyer, R. A., Tetzlaff, M. T., Antdbacka, R., ... Long, G. V. (2019). Neoadjuvant systemic therapy in melanoma: recommendations of the International Neoadjuvant Melanoma Consortium. The Lancet Oncology, 20(7), e378-e389.