Neoproterozoic high-K granites produced by melting of newly formed mafic crust in the Huangling region, South China

Jun Hong Zhao*, Mei Fu Zhou, Jian Ping Zheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


The Huangling igneous complex in the central Yangtze Block, South China, consists of the 850-Ma tonalite and trondhjemite which were intruded by the 826±13Ma high-K granite. The granites are composed of plagioclase (30-60%), alkali feldspar (10-30%), quartz (20-30%), biotite (<10%) and hornblende (<5%). Both hornblende and biotite have high Ti and low Al contents, indicating high liquidus temperature. The granites have high SiO2 (63.1-73.3wt.%), K2O (2.58-4.79wt.%) and Na2O (3.90-5.89wt.%) and low MgO (0.49-1.78wt.%) and are magnesian alkali-calcic in composition. Their chondrite - normalized REE patterns are characterized by enrichment of LREE (La/YbN=14.5-32.8) and mostly negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu*=0.5-1.1). They have moderately high Sr (202-698ppm) and low Y (6.13-18.7ppm) with Sr/Y ratios of 14-64. These large elemental variations probably resulted from fractional crystallization. They also have negative whole rock εNd (-9.75 to -11.73) and zircon εHf values (-7.1 to -15.8) which are similar to those of the Neoproterozoic mafic rocks in the same region, suggesting that the granites may have been produced by melting of newly-emplaced mafic rocks. Tonalites and trondhjemites of the Huangling complex previously were considered as products by differentiation of water-rich basaltic magmas and melting of the thickened Archean continental crust in an arc setting, respectively. Therefore, the crustal growth and reworking of the Yangtze Block were probably wholly controlled by the subduction system which resulted in formation of the stable continent during the Neoproterozoic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-107
Number of pages15
JournalPrecambrian Research
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Crustal reworking
  • High-K granite
  • Neoproterozoic
  • South China


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