Neoproterozoic-middle Paleozoic tectono-magmatic evolution of the Gorny Altai terrane, northwest of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt

constraints from detrital zircon U-Pb and Hf-isotope studies

Ming Chen, Min Sun*, Mikhail M. Buslov, Keda Cai, Guochun Zhao, Jianping Zheng, Elena S. Rubanova, Elena E. Voytishek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Gorny Altai terrane (GA) is a key area in understanding the crustal evolution of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB). This paper reports U-Pb and Hf-isotope data for detrital zircons from Cambrian to early Devonian sedimentary sequences to constrain their provenance, as well as the tectono-magmatic events and crustal growth in this region. Nearly all the detrital zircons are characterized by euhedral to subhedral morphology, high Th/U ratios (ca. 0.1-1.6) and typical oscillatory zoning, indicating a magmatic origin. The three samples from the Gorny Altai Group (middle Cambrian to early Ordovician) yield detrital zircon populations that are composed predominantly of 530-464Ma grains, followed by a subordinate group of 641-549Ma old. The Silurian and Devonian samples exhibit similar major zircon populations (555-456Ma and 525-463Ma, respectively), but a significant amount of additional 2431-772Ma zircons occur in the early Devonian sample. Our results suggest that detritus from the nearby Kuznetsk-Altai intra-oceanic island arc served as a unitary source for the Cambrian-Silurian sedimentary sequences, but older detritus from other sources added to the early Devonian sequence. The low abundance of ca. 640-540Ma detrital zircons may testify that this island arc was under a primitive stage in this period, when mafic volcanic rocks probably dominated. In contrast, the dominant population of ca. 530-470Ma zircons may indicate an increased amount of granitic rocks in the source area, suggesting that the Kuznetsk-Altai island arc possibly evolved into a mature one in the Cambrian to early Ordovician. The ca. 530-470Ma detrital zircons are almost exclusively featured by positive εHf(t) values and have two-stage Hf model ages of ca. 1.40-0.45Ga, indicating that the precursor magmas were sourced predominantly from heterogeneous juvenile materials. We conclude that the late Neoproterozoic to early Paleozoic magmatism in the Kuznetsk-Altai arc made a significant contribution to the crustal growth in the CAOB.The absence of middle Ordovician to early Devonian detrital zircons possibly implies that the area changed to a passive margin in the middle Ordovician. Of special significance are the 2431-772. Ma zircons in the early Devonian sample, which are quite comparable to the Precambrian detrital zircons from the Altai-Mongolian terrane (AM) but distinct from those from the Siberian continent. This indicates that the AM is a plausible source for the 2431-772. Ma zircons. Our data therefore imply that the GA possibly amalgamated with the AM before the early Devonian rather than in the late Devonian to early Carboniferous as previously suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-236
Number of pages14
JournalLithos
Volume233
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Crustal evolution
  • Detrital zircons
  • Gorny Altai terrane
  • Kuznetsk-Altai island arc

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