Neurodevelopmental perspectives on dance learning

insights from early adolescence and young adulthood

Dilini K. Sumanapala, Jon Walbrin, Louise P. Kirsch, Emily S. Cross*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Studies investigating human motor learning and movement perception have shown that similar sensorimotor brain regions are engaged when we observe or perform action sequences. However, the way these networks enable translation of complex observed actions into motor commands—such as in the context of dance—remains poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that the ability to encode specific visuospatial and kinematic movement properties encountered via different routes of sensorimotor experience may be an integral component of action learning throughout development. Using a video game-based dance training paradigm, we demonstrate that patterns of voxel activity in visual and sensorimotor brain regions when perceiving movements following training are related to the sensory modalities through which these movements were encountered during whole-body dance training. Compared to adolescents, young adults in this study demonstrated more distinctive patterns of voxel activity in visual cortices in relation to different types of sensorimotor experience. This finding suggests that cortical maturity might influence the extent to which prior sensorimotor experiences shape brain activity when watching others in action, and potentially impact how we acquire new motor skills.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe arts and the brain
Subtitle of host publicationpsychology and physiology beyond pleasure
EditorsJulia F. Christensen, Antoni Gomila
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherElsevier
Pages243-277
Number of pages35
ISBN (Electronic)9780128139820
ISBN (Print)9780128139813
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameProgress in Brain Research
Volume237
ISSN (Print)0079-6123
ISSN (Electronic)1875-7855

Keywords

  • dance
  • learning
  • experience-dependent plasticity
  • fMRI
  • MVPA
  • adolescents
  • development
  • action
  • perception
  • arts

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