New development in selective laser melting of Ti–6Al–4V

a wider processing window for the achievement of fully lamellar α + β microstructures

E. W. Lui, W. Xu, A. Pateras, M. Qian*, M. Brandt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


Recent progress has shown that Ti–6Al–4V fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) can achieve a fully lamellar α + β microstructure using 60 µm layer thickness in the as-built state via in situ martensite decomposition by manipulating the processing parameters. The potential to broaden the processing window was explored in this study by increasing the layer thickness to the less commonly used 90 µm. Fully lamellar α + β microstructures were produced in the as-built state using inter-layer times in the range of 1–12 s. Microstructural features such as the α-lath thickness and morphology were sensitive to both build height and inter-layer time. The α-laths produced using the inter-layer time of 1 s were much coarser than those produced with the inter-layer time of 12 s. The fine fully lamellar α + β structure resulted in tensile ductility of 11% and yield strength of 980 MPa. The tensile properties can be further improved by minimizing the presence of process-induced defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2679-2683
Number of pages5
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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