New pathogenic variations of mitochondrial DNA in Alzheimer disease

Samira Sheibani-Nia, Parisa Azadfar, Leila Akbari, Farhad Assarzadegan, Behnam Kamalıdehghan, Hamid R. Maroof, Massoud Houshmand

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a gradual loss of episodic memory, in which interplay between genes and environmental factors are involved. A variety of genetic, medical and environmental factors modulate the ageing related processes leading to the devastation of the brain in AD. Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are suspected to be causally related, since mtDNA is maternally inherited in a non-Mendelian way.

Methods. In this study (research project number #15), the mtDNA of 24 AD patients and 100 healthy controls from peripheral blood samples collected from Special Medical Center of Tehran, Iran during 2010-2011 were investigated using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and sequencing methods. Ethical approval and patient informed consent were obtained for genetic analysis.

Results. Fifteen variations were found in different tRNA mtDNA, where eleven variations were polymorphic mutations. A12308G, a polymorphic mutation (tRNA Leu [CUN]), was found in 8 patients. This mutation was reported in different neurodegenerative diseases as well as in controls. However, four variations {C1631A, T1633A (tRNA Val), T14704C and T14723C (tRNA Glu)} fulfilled the criteria for pathogenic mutations, such as a heteroplasmic state, conserved 269 nucleotides not reported in previous literature and not found in healthy controls.

Conclusions. We believe that these variations may have pathogenic effects in AD or have secondary effects in the disease process. The percentage of heteroplasmic mutations may play a role in the signs and symptoms or age of onset of AD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724
Number of pages1
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventSixth International Conference on Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders in the Middle East - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 25 Oct 201327 Oct 2013

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