New perspectives in the management of severe cranio-facial deformity

D. J. David

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


It is postulated that craniosynostosis is due to a growth abnormality in all or part of the cranial capsule. Release of the stenosed part in the first months of life will re-establish the balance between the rapidly growing brain and eye, and the cranial capsule. Three periods for operative treatment are described: early, intermediate and late. Only in the early period can operative treatment restore normal growth dynamics; in the late period the aim is correction of an established deformity. The relationship between cranial clefts and frontonasal encephaloceles is explored. If the space-occupying encephalocele is removed early, the distorted facial bones adopt a more normal position, whereas cranial clefts do not respond to early operation by remoulding. The treatment of the acquired deformities of acute cranio-facial trauma have taken on new perspectives with the application of the multi-disciplinary approach and surgical techniques developed in the treatment of congenital deformities resulting in considerable reduction in the period of hospitalisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-279
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes


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