New young planetary nebulae in IPHAS

K. Viironen*, A. Mampaso, R. L M Corradi, M. Rodriguez, R. Greimel, L. Sabin, S. E. Sale, Y. Unruh, G. Delgado-Inglada, J. E. Drew, C. Giammanco, P. Groot, Q. A. Parker, J. Sokoloski, A. Zijlstra

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    31 Citations (Scopus)
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    Aims. We search for very small-diameter galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) representing the earliest phases of PN evolution. The IPHAS catalogue of Hα-emitting stars provides a useful basis for this study since all sources present in this catalogue must be of small angular diameter. Methods. The PN candidates are selected based on their location in two colour-colour diagrams: IPHAS (ŕ - Hα) vs. (ŕ - í), and 2MASS (J - H) vs. (H - Ks). Spectroscopic follow-up was carried out on a sample of candidates to confirm, their nature. Results. We present a total of 83 PN candidates. We were able to obtain spectra or find the classification from, the literature for 35 candidates. Five of these objects are likely to be new PNe, including one large bipolar PN discovered serendipitously close to an emission-line star. PN distances deduced, from extinction-distance relations based on IPHAS field-star photometry are presented for the first time. These yield distance estimates for our objects in the range 2 kpc and 6 kpc. From, the data in hand, we conclude that four of the discovered objects are probably young PNe.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)113-129
    Number of pages17
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright 2009 The European Southern Observatory (ESO). First published in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 502, Issue 1, published by EDP Sciences. The original article can be found at


    • Binaries
    • General-Stars
    • Planetary-Nebulae
    • Surveys-Ism
    • Symbiotic


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