New Zealand's ICT-in-education development (1990-2018)

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    New Zealand’s development of ICT-in-education has been something of a haphazard affair, following the ebbs and flows of political ideology and whim since digital devices first appeared en masse in schools and other educational institutions in the late 1980s. This chapter discusses how government policy from 1990–2018 has affected the attempts of New Zealand’s education institutions to effectively integrate digital technologies into curriculum, focusing on the major themes of this book, namely ICT infrastructure and resourcing, teacher professional learning and development, classroom practices and student outcomes. The chapter maps key initiatives in these areas across three distinct phases in New Zealand’s ICT-in Education development: 1990–1999, 2000–2008 and 2009–2018. Acknowledging the uniqueness of New Zealand’s education context, along with statistical information, the chapter presents illustrations of projects that detail implementation and impacts at an institution and classroom level. While generally New Zealand educational institutions are making reasonable progress in their ICT integration efforts, the effects of a past legacy of poor support, direction and decision-making lingers, with many issues and barriers to effective ICT integration in New Zealand classrooms identified nearly 30 years ago, still being present today.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationICT in education and implications for the Belt and Road Initiative
    EditorsChee-Kit Looi, Hui Zhang, Yuan Gao, Longkai Wu
    Place of PublicationSingapore
    PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
    Number of pages16
    ISBN (Electronic)9789811561573
    ISBN (Print)9789811561566
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Educational Technology
    ISSN (Print)2196-4963
    ISSN (Electronic)2196-4971


    • policy
    • ICT integration
    • digital technologies
    • infrastructure
    • New Zealand
    • teaching
    • learning


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