Nitrogen release during reaction of coal char with O2, CO2, and H2O

Dong Chan Park, Stuart J. Day, Peter F. Nelson*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    87 Citations (Scopus)


    The chemistry of char-N release and conversion to nitrogen-containing products has been probed by studying its release and reactions with O2, CO2, and H2O. The experiments were performed in a fixed bed flow reactor at pressures of up to 1.0 MPa. The results show that the major nitrogen-containing products observed depend on the reactant gas; with O2, NO, and N2 being the major species observed. Char-N reaction with CO2 produces N2 with very high selectivity over a broad range of pressures and CO2 concentrations, and reaction with H2O gives rise to HCN, NH3, and N2. Observed distributions of nitrogen-containing products are little affected by pressure when O2 and CO2 are the reactant gases, but increasing pressures in the reaction with H2O results in the formation of increasing proportions of NH3. Formation of NH3 is also promoted by increasing concentrations of H2O in the feed gas. The results suggest that NO and HCN are primary products when O2 and H2O, respectively, are used as the reactant gases, and that the other observed products arise from interactions of these primary products with the char surface.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2169-2175
    Number of pages7
    JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


    • Char
    • Coal
    • NO
    • Pulverized fuels


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