No enemies in the neighborhood: Absence of inhibitory neighborhood effects in lexical decision and semantic categorization

Kenneth I. Forster*, Di Shen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of neighborhood density on visual word recognition was found to be facilitatory for words but inhibitory for nonwords in 3 lexical-decision experiments. However, the facilitation virtually disappeared when the task was changed to semantic categorization (animal vs. nonanimal), despite the presence of a strong frequency effect. None of these experiments showed a consistent inhibitory effect of a higher frequency neighbor. The absence of inhibitory effects suggests that competition does not play a key role in visual word recognition. The data also suggest that the neighborhood density effect is not an access effect but is a task-dependent effect instead.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-713
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Volume22
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'No enemies in the neighborhood: Absence of inhibitory neighborhood effects in lexical decision and semantic categorization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this