Non-genomic effects of aldosterone

Anastasia S. Mihailidou, Andreas G. Tzakos, Anthony W. Ashton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Encouraging changes in the steroid hormone receptor field from initially questioning the role of non-genomic actions of steroid hormones to acceptance of the concept that the acute, membrane-centric actions are linked and/or regulate the nuclear actions. The focus of this chapter is how the non-genomic effects are linked to the longer lasting, genomic actions of aldosterone. By non-genomic we refer to the rapid actions that occur within minutes do not require transcription or translation and occur in both classical MR target organs (kidney and colon) and non-epithelial tissues (blood vessels, heart, and adipose). The mechanism of rapid non-genomic actions of aldosterone varies between tissues. As a result, this chapter is viewed through the lens of how the non-genomic and genomic actions of aldosterone are linked in cardiovascular disease. Specifically, regulation of sodium flux in the myocardium has an important role in pathogenesis of cardiac arrhythmia. Since there are now recognized gender differences in cardiovascular disease, we also include preliminary studies to investigate the interaction of sex steroid hormones with the ligand binding pocket of the mineralocorticoid receptor. Overall, we aim to showcase how the non-genomic effects of aldosterone potentially modulate the genomic effects and represent additional targets for intervention.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)133-149
    Number of pages17
    JournalVitamins and Hormones
    Volume109
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Keywords

    • Cardiovascular
    • Intracellular sodium
    • Ion transport
    • Mineralocorticoid receptor
    • Protein kinase C
    • Sodium pump

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