Non-matrix-matched calibration for the multi-element analysis of geological and environmental samples using 200 nm femtosecond LA-ICP-MS: a comparison with nanosecond lasers

Klaus Peter Jochum*, Brigitte Stoll, Ulrike Weis, Dorrit E. Jacob, Regina Mertz-Kraus, Meinrat O. Andreae

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    73 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    LA-ICP-MS is one of the most promising techniques for in situ analysis of geological and environmental samples. However, there are some limitations with respect to measurement accuracy, in particular for volatile and siderophile/chalcophile elements, when using non-matrix-matched calibration. We therefore investigated matrix-related effects with a new 200 nm femtosecond (fs) laser ablation system (NWRFemto200) using reference materials with different matrices and spot sizes from 10 to 55 μm. We also performed similar experiments with two nanosecond (ns) lasers, a 193 nm excimer (ESI NWR 193) and a 213 nm Nd:YAG (NWR UP-213) laser. The ion intensity of the 200 nm fs laser ablation was much lower than that of the 213 nm Nd:YAG laser, because the ablation rate was a factor of about 30 lower. Our experiments did not show significant matrix dependency with the 200 nm fs laser. Therefore, a non-matrix-matched calibration for the multi-element analysis of quite different matrices could be performed. This is demonstrated with analytical results from twenty-two international synthetic silicate glass, geological glass, mineral, phosphate and carbonate reference materials. Calibration was performed with the certified NIST SRM 610 glass, exclusively. Within overall analytical uncertainties, the 200 nm fs LA-ICP-MS data agreed with available reference values.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)265-292
    Number of pages28
    JournalGeostandards and Geoanalytical Research
    Volume38
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014

    Keywords

    • femtosecond laser
    • reference material
    • LA-ICP-MS
    • laser ablation

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