Novel automated non invasive detection of ocular surface squamous neoplasia using multispectral autofluorescence imaging

Abbas Habibalahi*, Chandra Bala, Alexandra Allende, Ayad G. Anwer, Ewa M. Goldys

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Diagnosing Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) using newly designed multispectral imaging technique. Methods: Eighteen patients with histopathological diagnosis of Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia (OSSN) were recruited. Their previously collected biopsy specimens of OSSN were reprocessed without staining to obtain auto fluorescence multispectral microscopy images. This technique involved a custom-built spectral imaging system with 38 spectral channels. Inter and intra-patient frameworks were deployed to automatically detect and delineate OSSN using machine learning methods. Different machine learning methods were evaluated, with K nearest neighbor and Support Vector Machine chosen as preferred classifiers for intra- and inter-patient frameworks, respectively. The performance of the technique was evaluated against a pathological assessment. Results: Quantitative analysis of the spectral images provided a strong multispectral signature of a relative difference between neoplastic and normal tissue both within each patient (at p < 0.0005) and between patients (at p < 0.001). Our fully automated diagnostic method based on machine learning produces maps of the relatively well circumscribed neoplastic-non neoplastic interface. Such maps can be rapidly generated in quasi-real time and used for intraoperative assessment. Generally, OSSN could be detected using multispectral analysis in all patients investigated here. The cancer margins detected by multispectral analysis were in close and reasonable agreement with the margins observed in the H&E sections in intra- and inter-patient classification, respectively. Conclusions: This study shows the feasibility of using multispectral auto-fluorescence imaging to detect and find the boundary of human OSSN. Fully automated analysis of multispectral images based on machine learning methods provides a promising diagnostic tool for OSSN which can be translated to future clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-550
Number of pages11
JournalOcular Surface
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Autofluorescence
  • Boundary detection
  • Ocular surface squamous neoplasia

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