Novel thiosemicarbazone iron chelators induce up-regulation and phosphorylation of the metastasis suppressor n-myc down-stream regulated gene 1

a new strategy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer

Zaklina Kovacevic, Sherin Chikhani, David Lovejoy, Des R. Richardson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive neoplasm, with a mortality rate close to 100%. The most successful agent for pancreatic cancer treatment is gemcitabine, although the overall effect in terms of patient survival remains very poor. This study was initiated to evaluate a novel class of anticancer agents against pancreatic cancer. This group of compounds belongs to the dipyridyl thiosemicarbazone class that have been shown to have potent and selective activity against a range of different neoplasms in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrate for the first time in pancreatic cancer that these agents increase the expression of the growth and metastasis suppressor N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 and its phosphorylation at Ser330 and Thr346 that is important for its activity against this tumor. In addition, these agents increased expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(CIP1/WAF1), whereas decreasing cyclin D1 in pancreatic cancer cells. Together, these molecular alterations account, in part, for the pronounced antitumor activity observed. Indeed, these agents had significantly higher antiproliferative activity in vitro than the established treatments for pancreatic cancer, namely gemcitabine and 5-fluorouracil. Studies in vivo demonstrated that a novel thiosemicarbazone, namely di-2-pyridylketone 4-cyclohexyl-4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone hydrochloride, completely inhibited the growth of pancreatic cancer xenografts with no evidence of marked alterations in normal tissue histology. Together, our studies have identified molecular effectors of a novel and potent antitumor agent that could be useful for pancreatic cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)598-609
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EFFECTIVE ANTIPROLIFERATIVE AGENTS
  • ISONICOTINOYL HYDRAZONE CLASS
  • SELECTIVE ANTITUMOR-ACTIVITY
  • CELL-CYCLE
  • GROWTH SUPPRESSION
  • REDOX ACTIVITY
  • PHASE-II
  • GEMCITABINE
  • EXPRESSION
  • NDRG1

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