Numerical modelling of a fast pyrolysis process in a bubbling fluidized bed reactor

Salman Jalalifar, M Ghiji, Rouzbeh Abbassi, Vikram Garaniya, Kelly Hawboldt

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paperpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this study, the Eulerian-Granular approach is applied to simulate a fast pyrolysis bubbling fluidized bed reactor. Fast pyrolysis converts biomass to bio-products through thermochemical conversion in absence of oxygen. The aim of this study is to employ a numerical framework for simulation of the fast pyrolysis process and extend this to more complex reactor geometries. The framework first needs to be validated and this was accomplished by modelling a lab-scale pyrolysis fluidized bed reactor in 2-D and comparing with published data. A multi-phase CFD model has been employed to obtain clearer insights into the physical phenomena associated with flow dynamics and heat transfer, and by extension the impact on reaction rates. Biomass thermally decomposes to solid, condensable and non-condensable and therefore a multi-fluid model is used. A simplified reaction model is sued where the many components are grouped into a solid reacting phase, condensable/non-condensable phase, and non-reacting solid phase (the heat carrier). The biomass decomposition is simplified to four reaction mechanisms based on the thermal decomposition of cellulose. A time-splitting method is used for coupling of multi-fluid model and reaction rates. A good agreement is witnessed in the products yield between the CFD simulation and the experiment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012032
Number of pages7
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Sustainable Energy Engineering - Perth, Australia
Duration: 12 Jun 201714 Jun 2017

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