O, Na, Ba and Eu abundance patterns in open clusters

B. T. MacLean, G. M. De Silva, J. Lattanzio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Open clusters are historically regarded as single-aged stellar populations representative of star formation within the Galactic disc. Recent literature has questioned this view, based on discrepant Na abundances relative to the field, and concerns about the longevity of bound clusters contributing to a selection bias: perhaps long-lived open clusters are chemically different to the star formation events that contributed to the Galactic disc. We explore a large sample of high-resolution Na, O, Ba and Eu abundances from the literature, homogenized as much as reasonable including accounting for non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) effects, variations in analysis and choice of spectral lines. Compared to a template globular cluster and representative field stars, we find no significant abundance trends, confirming that the process producing the Na–O anticorrelation in globular clusters is not present in open clusters. Furthermore, previously reported Na enhancement of open clusters is found to be an artefact of NLTE effects, with the open clusters matching a subset of chemically tagged field stars.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3556-3561
Number of pages6
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • stars: abundances
  • Galaxy: abundances
  • Galaxy: formation
  • open clusters and associations: general


Dive into the research topics of 'O, Na, Ba and Eu abundance patterns in open clusters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this