Observing ESL writing instruction: a case study of four teachers

Abdolmehdi Riazi, Michael Lessard-Clouston, Alister Cumming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Observed English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) writing classes in Canada in order to document what the ESL instructors do when they teach. Findings reveal that the instructors gave more attention to collectively constructing language paradigms and to guiding individual development than other routines, and attracted student's attention in one way or another before working on the paradigms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Intensive English Studies
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • second language writing
  • classroom observation
  • teaching methods


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