Octo-Tiger: a new, 3D hydrodynamic code for stellar mergers that uses HPX parallelisation

Dominic C. Marcello*, Sagiv Shiber, Orsola De Marco, Juhan Frank, Geoffrey C Clayton, Patrick Motl, Patrick Diehl, Hartmut Kaiser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OCTO-TIGER is an astrophysics code to simulate the evolution of self-gravitating and rotating systems of arbitrary geometry based on the fast multipole method, using adaptive mesh refinement. OCTO-TIGER is currently optimised to simulate the merger of well-resolved stars that can be approximated by barotropic structures, such as white dwarfs or main sequence stars. The gravity solver conserves angular momentum to machine precision, thanks to a ‘correction’ algorithm. This code uses HPX parallelization, allowing the overlap of work and communication and leading to excellent scaling properties, allowing for the computation of large problems in reasonable wall-clock times. In this paper, we investigate the code performance and precision by running benchmarking tests. These include simple problems, such as the Sod shock tube, as well as sophisticated, full, white-dwarf binary simulations. Results are compared to analytic solutions, when known, and to other grid based codes such as FLASH. We also compute the interaction between two white dwarfs from the early mass transfer through to the merger and compare with past simulations of similar systems. We measure OCTO-TIGER’s scaling properties up to a core count of ∼80 000, showing excellent performance for large problems. Finally, we outline the current and planned areas of development aimed at tackling a number of physical phenomena connected to observations of transients.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 10 Apr 2021


  • stars: white dwarfs
  • stars: evolution
  • binaries: close
  • hydrodynamics
  • methods: numerical
  • analytical

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