Ocular myositis

Clare L. Fraser*, Simon E. Skalicky, Avinash Gurbaxani, Peter McCluskey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ocular myositis frequently manifests with orbital pain and diplopia. The diagnosis of ocular myositis falls within the overall classification of idiopathic orbital inflammatory diseases, defined as non-infective non-specific orbital inflammation without identifiable local or systemic causes. Orbital myositis may form part of more widespread systemic inflammatory processes such as Crohn's disease and the more recently described IgG4-related disease. There is also a broad range of ophthalmic differential diagnoses. Diagnosis, assessment and management of ocular myositis requires the cooperation of ophthalmologists and rheumatologists/immunologists in order to achieve the best patient outcomes. The current literature and avenues of future research are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-321
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Allergy and Asthma Reports
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Complications
  • Corticosteroids
  • Crohn's disease
  • Differential diagnosis
  • Extra-ocular muscle
  • Inflammation
  • Management
  • Orbital myositis
  • Pathophysiology
  • Presentation
  • Prognosis
  • Radiotherapy
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Treatment

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