On-body antennas: Design considerations and challenges

Syed Muzahir Abbas, Karu P. Esselle, Ladislau Matekovits, Muhammad Rizwan, Leena Ukkonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper highlights the considerations and challenges when designing antennas suitable for on-body communication in Wireless Body Area Networks. Designing antennas that are required to operate in near body scenario make it more challenging for antenna designers as several important factors need to be taken into consideration along with the human body effects. These factors include antenna detuning, impedance matching, radiation pattern, Specific Absorption Rate, size, cost, weight, positioning, bending and stable performance with the variation of the gap between the antenna and the human body. An antenna addressing these challenges is suitable for on-body communication and wearable applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, EMTS 2016
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781509025022
ISBN (Print)9781509025039
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sept 2016
Event2016 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, EMTS 2016 - Espoo, Finland
Duration: 14 Aug 201618 Aug 2016


Other2016 URSI International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, EMTS 2016


  • Full ground plane
  • On-body antenna
  • On-body communication
  • Printed antenna
  • Wearable antenna
  • Wireless body area network
  • Wireless body centric communication


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