On-chip noninterference angular momentum multiplexing of broadband light

Haoran Ren, Xiangping Li, Qiming Zhang, Min Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Angular momentum division has emerged as a physically orthogonal multiplexing method in high-capacity optical information technologies. However, the typical bulky elements used for information retrieval from the overall diffracted field, based on the interference method, impose a fundamental limit toward realizing on-chip multiplexing. We demonstrate noninterference angular momentum multiplexing by using a mode-sorting nanoring aperture with a chip-scale footprint as small as 4.2 micrometers by 4.2 micrometers, where nanoring slits exhibit a distinctive outcoupling efficiency on tightly confined plasmonic modes. The nonresonant mode-sorting sensitivity and scalability of our approach enable on-chip parallel multiplexing over a bandwidth of 150 nanometers in the visible wavelength range. The results offer the possibility of ultrahigh-capacity and miniaturized nanophotonic devices harnessing angular momentum division.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-809
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume352
Issue number6287
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

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