On cultural interference and the Egyptian storm god

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Cultural encounters, whether direct or indirect, can often spur dynamic transformations for all involved entities. The multifaceted nature of such interactions, related processes of development, as well as their outcomes, have been explored by several anthropological and sociological theories. The Enigma of the Hyksos Project, hosted at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, incorporates research utilizing such theories, with its Research Track 5 focussing on ‘Multidirectional Cultural Interference Studies’ and the impact of the Hyksos on Egyptian cultural traditions. The paper offers an overview of the theory of cultural interference as outlined by Itamar Even-Zohar, assessing its applicability towards explaining the processes of transformations, specifically those related to the Egyptian storm deity. It presents observed developments in artistic and textual representations from the late Middle Kingdom to the 19th Dynasty, and questions whether these were a result of cultural interference by Levantine elements encountered during the Hyksos dynasty, or are somehow related to the eastern Delta’s earlier intercultural contacts with the Middle Bronze Age Levant
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Enigma of the Hyksos, vol. 1
Subtitle of host publicationASOR Conference Boston 2017 - ICAANE Conference Munich 2018 – Collected Papers
EditorsManfred Bietak, Silvia Prell
Place of PublicationWiesbaden
PublisherHarrassowitz Verlag
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783447113328
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameContributions to the Archaeology of Egypt, Nubia and the Levant
PublisherHarrassowitz Verlag


  • Cultural interference
  • Middle Kingdom
  • Ancient Egypt
  • New Kingdom
  • Hyksos Period
  • Seth
  • Baal
  • Interactions
  • Foreign relations
  • Cultural transformations
  • Cultural transmission
  • Syncretisation
  • Transculturation


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