On infectious model for dependent defaults

Wai-Ki Ching, Jia-Wen Gu, Xiaoyue Li, Tak-Kuen Siu, Harry Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we propose a general framework for modeling discrete-time default risk where default processes for all the entities are governed by predictable interacting default probabilities. We give a general formula for the joint distribution of two important random variables featuring the severity of the crisis: duration of a crisis (T) and severity of the defaults (W T). In particular, we present a two-sector Markovian infectious model, where the default probability is switching over time and depends on the current number of defaults of both sectors. The central idea of this model is that the causality of defaults of two sectors is in both directions, which enrich dynamics of the dependent default risk. The Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) is adopted to compare the proposed model with the two-sector model in credit literature using real data. Numerical experiments are given to demonstrate that our proposed model is statistically better.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-261
Number of pages13
JournalRisk and Decision Analysis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • correlated defaults
  • crisis duration
  • Infectious models


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