On relations of constituency and dependency grammars

Mark Dras, David Chiang, William Schuler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper looks at integrating dependency and constituency into acommon framework, using the TAG formalism and a differentperspective on the meta-level grammar of Dras (1999a) in which themeta level models dependencies and the object level modelsconstituency. This framework gives consistent dependency analysesof raising verbs interacting with bridge verbs, additionally givinga solution to a problem in Synchronous TAG, and gives appropriateanalyses of subject-auxiliary inversion. This and other evidencesuggests the integration of dependency and constituency is a usefulavenue to explore.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-305
Number of pages25
JournalResearch on language and computation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • constituency-based grammar
  • dependency-based grammar
  • Tree Adjoining Grammar


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