On the percolation of alginate/calcium systems at low concentrations

Adele Khavari, Jan Erik Löfroth, Johan Bergenholtz, Magnus Nydén*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The sol-to-gel transition of an alginate rich in β-d-mannuronic acid residues and at a concentration of 0.1% w/v in 15 mM NaCl in the presence of calcium ions of 0 to 3.5 mM was studied with dynamic light scattering. The dynamics of the different systems added further insight into the alginate gel forming mechanisms. Below a Ca2+ concentration of 0.7 mM, the build-up of small aggregates could be verified. Moreover, at a critical concentration, close to 0.9 mM Ca2+, a percolated, non-ergodic network started to form from some of these aggregates, with smaller aggregates still diffusing in the network. The system displayed strong non-ergodicy at high Ca2+ concentrations with a non-ergodicity parameter that appeared to form discontinuously from near zero to a clearly non-zero value at the critical Ca2+ concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-487
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Structure dynamics
  • Alginate
  • Dynamic light scattering
  • Gel


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