We demonstrate that the space formed by the star formation rate (SFR), gas-phase metallicity (Z), and stellar mass (M) can be reduced to a plane, as first proposed by Lara-López et al. We study three different approaches to find the best representation of this 3D space, using a principal component analysis (PCA), a regression fit, and binning of the data. The PCA shows that this 3D space can be adequately represented in only two dimensions, i.e., a plane. We find that the plane that minimizes the χ2 for all variables, and hence provides the best representation of the data, corresponds to a regression fit to the stellar mass as a function of SFR and Z, M = f(Z, SFR). We find that the distribution resulting from the median values in bins for our data gives the highest χ2. We also show that the empirical calibrations to the oxygen abundance used to derive the Fundamental Metallicity Relation have important limitations, which contribute to the apparent inconsistencies. The main problem is that these empirical calibrations do not consider the ionization degree of the gas. Furthermore, the use of the N2 index to estimate oxygen abundances cannot be applied for 12 + log(O/H) ≳ 8.8 because of the saturation of the [N II] λ6584 line in the high-metallicity regime. Finally, we provide an update of the Fundamental Plane derived by Lara-López et al.
Bibliographical noteErratum can be found in The Astrophyscial Journal volume 782(2), p 1, https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/782/2/120
- galaxies: abundances
- galaxies: evolution
- galaxies: fundamental parameters
- galaxies: star formation