Poly(diallyl dimethylammonium) chloride (PDDA), an ordinary and watersoluble cationic polyelectrolyte, was investigated for its ability to generate and stabilize gold colloids from a chloroauric acid precursor. In this reaction, PDDA acted as both reducing and stabilizing agents for gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). More importantly, PDDA is a quaternary ammonium polyelectrolyte, which shows that the scope of the reducing and stabilizing agents for metal nanoparticles can be extended from the amine-containing molecules to quaternary ammonium polyelectrolytes or salts. UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) were used to characterize the synthetic AuNPs. The PDDA-protected AuNPs obtained are very stable and have relative narrow size distribution.
- One-step preparation
- Poly(diallyl dimethylammonium) chloride
- Quaternary ammonium polyelectrolytes