Optic flow informs distance but not profitability for honeybees

Sharoni Shafir, Andrew B. Barron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

How do flying insects monitor foraging efficiency? Honeybees (Apis mellifera) use optic flow information as an odometer to estimate distance travelled, but here we tested whether optic flow informs estimation of foraging costs also. Bees were trained to feeders in flight tunnels such that bees experienced the greatest optic flow en route to the feeder closest to the hive. Analyses of dance communication showed that, as expected, bees indicated the close feeder as being further, but they also indicated this feeder as the more profitable, and preferentially visited this feeder when given a choice. We show that honeybee estimates of foraging cost are not reliant on optic flow information. Rather, bees can assess distance and profitability independently and signal these aspects as separate elements of their dances. The optic flow signal is sensitive to the nature of the environment travelled by the bee, and is therefore not a good index of flight energetic costs, but it provides a good indication of distance travelled for purpose of navigation and communication, as long as the dancer and recruit travel similar routes. This study suggests an adaptive dual processing system in honeybees for communicating and navigating distance flown and for evaluating its energetic costs.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1241-1245
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume277
Issue number1685
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2010

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Optic Flow
honeybee
Bees
optics
profitability
bee
honey bees
Apoidea
Optics
Profitability
flight
Costs and Cost Analysis
foraging
cost
animal communication
Costs
energetics
communication
foraging efficiency
Communication

Cite this

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Optic flow informs distance but not profitability for honeybees. / Shafir, Sharoni; Barron, Andrew B.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 277, No. 1685, 22.04.2010, p. 1241-1245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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