Optimized synthesis of lignin sulfonate nanoparticles by solvent shifting method and their application for adsorptive removal of dye pollutant

Gity Behboudi, Keivan Shayesteh*, Mohammad Tavakkoli Yaraki*, Hosein Ali Ebrahimi, Samira Moradi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Synthesis of value added products from wastes is of importance from different perspectives. Wood and paper industry produces tons of wastewaters that contains lignin. In this paper, we report a new approach, called solvent-shifting method, to synthesize lignin sulfonate nanoparticles (LS-NPs). The effective parameters on size of LS-NPs were carefully tuned and the size of LS-NPs was minimized by response surface methodology. The results suggested that LS-NPs with size of 53 nm can be synthesized at low lignin sulfonate concentration (0.28 g/mL), moderate surfactant concentration (0.32 g/mL) but relatively high anti-solvent content (92 mL of ethanol for 40 mL of the aqueous phase). The as-synthesized LS-NPs were characterized by different analytical techniques, where presence of various negatively charged functional groups on surface of LS-NPs was conformed. To investigate the potential of LS-NPs for adsorptive removal of pollutant molecules, basic red 2 (known as Safranin-O) was used as a model pollutant dye. The results suggested that the maximum removal occurs at alkaline pH, where there is strong electrostatic interactions between LS-NPs and cationic Safranin-O molecules. The adsorption capacity was 85.14 mg/gr, where the isotherm data was best described by Redlich-Peterson isotherm model. The kinetic data also revealed that the adsorption is very fast in the first 20 min, where there is three diffusional steps to complete the adsorption in 90 min. The results of this study could open up new window to the field of value-added products to synthesize waste-driven nanomaterials for environmental applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number131576
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalChemosphere
Volume285
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lignin sulfonate
  • Solvent-shifting method
  • Dye removal
  • Optimization
  • Safranin-O

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