Optimizing the numbers of queries and replies in convex federated learning with differential privacy

Yipeng Zhou, Xuezheng Liu, Yao Fu, Di Wu*, Jessie Hui Wang*, Shui Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Federated learning (FL) empowers distributed clients to collaboratively train a shared machine learning model through exchanging parameter information. Despite the fact that FL can protect clients' raw data, malicious users can still crack original data with disclosed parameters. To amend this flaw, differential privacy (DP) is incorporated into FL clients to disturb original parameters, which however can significantly impair the accuracy of the trained model. In this work, we study an imperative question which has been vastly overlooked by existing works: what are the optimal numbers of queries and replies in FL with DP so that the final model accuracy is maximized. In FL, the parameter server (PS) needs to query participating clients for multiple global iterations to complete training. Each client responds a query from the PS by conducting a local iteration. We consider FL that will uniformly and randomly select participating clients to conduct local iterations with the FedSGD algorithm. Our work investigates how many times the PS should query clients and how many times each client should reply the PS by incorporating two most extensively used DP mechanisms (i.e., the Laplace mechanism and Gaussian mechanisms). Through conducting convergence rate analysis, we can determine the optimal numbers of queries and replies in FL with DP so that the final model accuracy can be maximized. Finally, extensive experiments are conducted with publicly available datasets: MNIST and FEMNIST, to verify our analysis and the results demonstrate that properly setting the numbers of queries and replies can significantly improve the final model accuracy in FL with DP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4823-4837
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
Volume20
Issue number6
Early online date6 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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