Oral Appliance Treatment Response and Polysomnographic Phenotypes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Kate Sutherland*, Hisashi Takaya, Jin Qian, Peter Petocz, Andrew T. Ng, Peter A. Cistulli

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    56 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Study Objectives: Mandibular advancement splints (MAS) are an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA); however, therapeutic response is variable. Younger age, female gender, less obesity, and milder and supine-dependent OSA have variably been associated with treatment success in relatively small samples. Our objective was to utilize a large cohort of MAS treated patients (1) to compare effi cacy across patients with different phenotypes of OSA and (2) to assess demographic, anthropometric, and polysomnography variables as treatment response predictors. Methods: Retrospective analysis of MAS-treated patients participating in clinical trials in sleep centers in Sydney, Australia between years 2000-2013. All studies used equivalent customized two-piece MAS devices and treatment protocols. Treatment response was defi ned as (1) apneahypopnea index (AHI) < 5/h, (2) AHI < 10/h and ≥50% reduction, and (3) ≥ 50% AHI reduction. Results: A total of 425 patients (109 female) were included (age 51.2 ± 10.9 years, BMI 29.2 ± 5.0 kg/m2). MAS reduced AHI by 50.3% ± 50.7% across the group. Supinepredominant OSA patients had lower treatment response rates than non-positional OSA (e.g., 36% vs. 59% for AHI < 10/h). REM-predominant OSA showed a lower response rate than either NREM or non-stage dependent OSA. In prediction modelling, age, baseline AHI, and anthropometric variables were predictive of MAS treatment outcome but not OSA phenotype. Gender was not associated with treatment outcome. Conclusions: Lower MAS treatment response rates were observed in supine and REM sleep. In a large sample, we confi rm that demographic, anthropometric, and polysomnographic data only weakly inform about MAS effi cacy, supporting the need for alternative objective prediction methods to reliably select patients for MAS treatment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)861-868
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
    Volume11
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2015

    Keywords

    • Obstructive sleep apnea
    • Oral appliance
    • Polysomnography
    • Treatment response

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