Ordering in synthetic magnesium-manganese olivines by synchrotron X-ray Rietveld refinement

A. M T Bell*, C. M B Henderson, B. J. Wood

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Samples of Mg-Mn olivines (MgxMn2-xSiO4) have been prepared at different temperatures (800 °C, 1000 °C and 1300 °C) and with different stoichiometries (x = 0.4, 0.8, 1.0 and 1.4). Synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data have been collected on Daresbury SRS station 2.3 on these samples. The Rietveld method has been used to refine the orthorhombic (Pnma) olivine structures in order to determine the occupancies of Mg and Mn on the M1 (4a) and M2 (4c) sites, Mn tends to become ordered onto the M2 site. An ordering parameter for each sample is determined from the M1 and M2 site occupancies. The variation of ordering with stoichiometry and preparation temperature is discussed, the degree of order increases with decreasing equilibration temperature.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)643-646
    Number of pages4
    JournalMaterials Science Forum
    Issue numberpt 2
    Publication statusPublished - 1994


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