Ordovician magmatism in the Eastern Pyrenees: implications for the geodynamic evolution of northern Gondwana

Marina Navidad, Pedro Castiñeiras*, Josep M. Casas, Montserrat Liesa, Elena Belousova, Joaquín Proenza, Thomas Aiglsperger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


New data on the geochemistry and geochronology of different felsic gneisses and metabasites from the Variscan massifs of Eastern Pyrenees have allowed us to shed some light on the Ordovician magmatic evolution in northern Gondwana during the opening of the Rheic Ocean. According to these data, the Ordovician magmatism represents a continuous event of anatectic melting, with limited mantle influence, that lasted 20 m.y., from Early to Late Ordovician. In the Canigó massif, peraluminous monzogranitic and granodioritic metaigneous rocks intruded a late Ediacaran-early Cambrian sequence at 464.3 ± 1.6 Ma and 461.6 ± 1.5 Ma, respectively, and leucogranitic gneisses intruded at 457.4 ± 1.6 Ma. Whole-rock geochemistry of the felsic rocks (plutonic and subvolcanic) points to a volcanic arc setting. However, the geological context and the geochemistry of the coeval metabasites are incompatible with this tectonic setting and point out to the inception of an extensional margin. Sm-Nd isotopic data suggest that the felsic rocks are derived from the anatexis of juvenile igneous rocks (probably Cadomian), mixed with older crustal components present in a late Neoproterozoic crust. We interpret that the Ordovician magmas inherited the geochemical signature of the rocks formed at the former Cadomian convergent margin. The variation of the εNd values from −2 to −4 in the Lower Ordovician rocks, to −5 in the Upper Ordovician rocks suggests a greater implication of the older component in a within-plate geodynamic context, coeval with the evolution of an extensional marginal basin linked to the opening of the Rheic Ocean. A similar isotopic evolution, more depleted first and with a greater implication of the crust in the younger sample, is shown by the studied metabasites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-496
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018


  • Eastern Pyrenees
  • Northern Gondwana
  • Ordovician magmatism


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