Orientation errors in copying by children in hong kong

Jacqueline J. Goodnow, Brian M. Young, Eric Kvan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Hong Kong children in two age groups (3-4 years and 6-7 years) were asked to copy a number of geometric shapes. Orientation errors were found to correspond with two types of error observed in U.S. samples: inversions of shapes regarded by children as having “right-side-up”and “wrong-side up”positions, when presented for copying in a “wrong-side up”orientation; and left-right reversal of a shape inconsistent with the usual sequence of strokes in young children's copying. The results suggest the presence of common features in the way perception of a visual pattern is translated into a copied form.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1976

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