Outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium 44 related to egg consumption

Amalie Dyda*, Rebecca Hundy, Cameron R. M. Moffatt, Scott Cameron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


ACT Health investigated an outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with a local restaurant in December 2008. The infecting agent was Salmonella serotype Typhimurium phage type 44. A case control study was conducted to identify the source of infection. A total of 22 cases and 9 controls were recruited to take part in the study. Both poached eggs (odds ratio [OR] 42.00) and hollandaise sauce (OR 19.00) had elevated odds ratios that were statistically significant. The major limitation of the study was the small sample size and small number of controls. Despite this, a strong association with illness and consumption of eggs and hollandaise sauce was detected and this was further supported by environmental evidence. The investigation concluded that the cause of the outbreak was putatively contaminated eggs, either on their own or as an ingredient used in hollandaise sauce. The investigation and control measures led to an improvement in hygiene practices at the restaurant and contributed to the voluntary recall of the contaminated batch of eggs from the Australian Capital Territory. The results of the study also build upon other evidence that egg-related salmonellosis is now common in Australia and attention to commercial practices at production and processing is overdue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-418
Number of pages5
JournalCommunicable Diseases Intelligence
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes


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