Pakistan's commitment to equal employment opportunity for women

a toothless tiger ?

Faiza Ali, Angela Knox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Despite its strong commitment to the principles of equal employment opportunity (EEO) within its Constitution, women's employment in Pakistan remains problematic in terms of participation rates, opportunities and outcomes. However, the reasons underpinning this paradox have received scant attention. This paper seeks to address this oversight. In order to analyse this issue the paper examines the national and international laws relating to women's employment that currently exist in Pakistan. In doing so, it reveals the contradictory implications of national legislation created to 'protect' Pakistani women and the weak implementation of international instruments directed towards EEO as two key challenges facing women and Pakistani organisations. Given the contextual factors that exist in Pakistan, women's employment prospects seem unlikely to change anytime soon.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-58
Number of pages20
JournalInternational journal of employment studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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