A group of methyltrimethyltridecyl chromans (MTTCs) was found in core samples of Member 1 (K2n1) and Member 2 (K2n2) of the Nenjiang Formation (Upper Cretaceous) from the SK-l southern borehole (Songliao Basin, China). They are assigned for the first time in sediments older than the Tertiary in China. Their composition and distribution are indicative mainly of the redox and salinity conditions in the depositional environment. The δ-MTTC isomer is in relatively higher abundance in samples from enhanced salinity and reducing conditions, but was not detected in samples from aerobic and low salinity environments, while α-MTTC appears to be present in samples from environments with a broad range of salinity and redox conditions. The α-MTTC/γ-MTTC (α/γ) ratio has a similar indication as that of the α/δ ratio and could be used as a corroborative ratio of paleosalinity. A combination of biomarker parameters suggests that the massive lacustrine petroleum-prone source rocks associated with the K2n1 interval were likely developed under a stratified water column with enhanced salinity and an anoxic bottom water layer, associated with a much less saline (fresh to brackish) upper water layer.