Palmyra and the Parthians

Peter Edwell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter analyses the relationship between Palmyra and the Parthians in the context of political and military developments in the Near East from the first century BC to the third century AD. It uses the plentiful evidence of inscriptions from Palmyra to explain how Palmyra and its citizens continued to engage with the Parthian world despite the increasing dominance of Rome over the city and its territory up to the second half of the second century AD. The chapter also investigates the possible causes of a decline in Palmyrene caravan trade with the cities of Parthian-controlled southern Mesopotamia after AD 160. The ongoing impact of Parthian culture on Palmyrene culture is also investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford handbook of Palmyra
EditorsRubina Raja
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780190858148
ISBN (Print)9780190858117
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Palmyra and Parthians
  • Palmyra and Rome
  • Parthian world
  • Parthian culture
  • Palmyrene culture


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