Pan-Gondwanaland post-collisional extension marked by 650-500 Ma alkaline rocks and carbonatites and related detrital zircons

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J. J. Veevers*

*Corresponding author for this work

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72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pan-Gondwanaland (650-500 Ma) tectonics is dominated by transcurrent motions driven by post-collisional oblique stresses. Extension is commonly marked by the intrusion of alkaline rocks, in particular A-type granite, nepheline syenite, and carbonatites (ARCS), during or after collision, as well as by field studies. ARCS of this age are common in Africa, South America, India, Antarctica, and Australia, and are indicated by related detrital zircons of 650-500 Ma age in Permian-Triassic and younger sediments from Australia, Antarctica, southern Africa, and India. Structural studies suggest that ARCs fill openings at releasing bends along transcurrent fractures and during reversal of the sense of motion as well as during relaxation of stress after collision. On the Paleo-Pacific margin, 550-500 Ma ARCs of the Koettlitz Glacier Alkaline Province were emplaced syn-tectonically within the Ross orogen during oblique subduction.

The concentration of ARC magmas emplaced during the amalgamation of Gondwanaland is correlated with the transtension generated by the 650-570 Ma oblique subduction between Avalonia-Cadomia and the West African craton, and the 550-490 Ma oblique subduction of the Palco-Pacific underneath Antarctica. In the Eastern Ghats and the Prince Charles Mountains of East Antarctica, ARCs and related zircons were generated 1000-900 Ma during an earlier continental collision. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-47
Number of pages47
JournalEarth-Science Reviews
Volume83
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • alkaline rocks
  • carbonatites
  • 650-500 Ma
  • U-Pb
  • zircons
  • extension
  • Gondwanaland
  • EASTERN GHATS BELT
  • U-PB ZIRCON
  • CENTRAL TRANSANTARCTIC MOUNTAINS
  • PROTEROZOIC MOBILE BELT
  • KERALA KHONDALITE BELT
  • ENRICHED MANTLE SOURCE
  • SOR-RONDANE MOUNTAINS
  • RB-SR GEOCHRONOLOGY
  • WEST-AFRICAN CRATON
  • A-TYPE GRANITES

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