Panic disorder

a review of DSM-IV panic disorder and proposals for DSM-V

Michelle G. Craske, Katharina Kircanski, Alyssa Epstein, Hans Ulrich Wittchen, Danny S. Pine, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Devon Hinton, Katherine Phillips, Stefan Hofmann, Donald Klein, Rachel Klein, Ron Rapee, Murray Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review covers the literature since the publication of DSM-IV on the diagnostic criteria for panic attacks (PAs) and panic disorder (PD). Specific recommendations are made based on the evidence available. In particular, slight changes are proposed for the wording of the diagnostic criteria for PAs to ease the differentiation between panic and surrounding anxiety; simplification and clarification of the operationalization of types of PAs (expected vs. unexpected) is proposed; and consideration is given to the value of PAs as a specifier for all DSM diagnoses and to the cultural validity of certain symptom profiles. In addition, slight changes are proposed for the wording of the diagnostic criteria to increase clarity and parsimony of the criteria. Finally, based on the available evidence, no changes are proposed with regard to the developmental expression of PAs or PD. This review presents a number of options and preliminary recommendations to be considered for DSM-V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-112
Number of pages20
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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    Craske, M. G., Kircanski, K., Epstein, A., Wittchen, H. U., Pine, D. S., Lewis-Fernández, R., ... Stein, M. (2010). Panic disorder: a review of DSM-IV panic disorder and proposals for DSM-V. Depression and Anxiety, 27(2), 93-112. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20654