Parageneses of TiB2 in corundum xenoliths from Mt Carmel, Israel: Siderophile behaviour of Boron under reducing conditions

Olivier Alard, William Griffin, Sarah Gain, Martin Saunders, Luca Bindi, Suzanne Y O'Reilly, Vered Toledo

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Abstract

Titanium diboride (TiB2) is a minor but common phase in melt pockets trapped in the corundum aggregates that occur as xenoliths in Cretaceous basaltic volcanoes on Mt Carmel, N. Israel. These melt pockets show extensive textural evidence of immiscibility between metallic (Fe-Ti-C-Si) melts, Ca-Al-Mg-Si-O melts and Ti-(oxy)nitride melts. The metallic melts commonly form spherules in the coexisting oxide glass. Most of the observed TiB2 crystallized from the Fe-Ti-C silicide melts, and to a lesser extent from the oxide melts. The parageneses in the melt pockets of the xenoliths require fO2 ≤ IW -6, probably generated through interaction between evolved silicate melts and mantle-derived CH4+H2 fluids near the crust-mantle boundary. Under these highly reducing conditions boron, like carbon and nitrogen, behaved mainly as a siderophile element during the separation of immiscible metallic and oxide melts. These parageneses have implications for the residence of boron in the peridotitic mantle, and for the occurrence of TiB2 in other less well-constrained environments such as ophiolitic chromitites.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Publication statusSubmitted - Nov 2019

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