Parental employment and child behaviors: Do parenting practices underlie these relationships?

Renata Hadzic, Christopher A. Magee*, Laura Robinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined whether hours of parental employment were associated with child behaviors via parenting practices. The sample included 2,271 Australian children aged 4-5 years at baseline. Two-wave panel mediation models tested whether parenting practices that were warm, hostile, or characterized by inductive reasoning linked parent's hours of paid employment with their child's behavior at age 6-7 years. There were significant indirect effects linking mother employment to child behavior. No paid employment and full-time work hours were associated with more behavioral problems in children through less-warm parenting practices; few hours or long hours were associated with improved behavioral outcomes through less-hostile parenting practices. These findings may have implications for developing policies to enable parents to balance work and family demands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-339
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • child behavior
  • indirect effects
  • parental employment
  • parenting practices

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