Particle emissions from ships at berth using heavy fuel oil

Thuy Van Chu, Thomas Rainey, Zoran Ristovski, Ali Mohammad Pourkhesalian, Vikram Garaniya, Rouzbeh Abbassi, Liping Yang, Richard J. Brown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the composition of exhaust from a marine diesel auxiliary engine running on Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) on-board a large cargo vessel was investigated. Measurements of particle number and size distributions in the range 5-1000 nm and gaseous emissions of O2, CO, CO2, SO2 and NOxwere undertaken. The measurements were performed on two large cargo ships at berth and during travel. Measurements were also carried out on auxiliary engines of two ships when they were at berth. Data on engine power, engine revolution, fuel oil consumption, intercooled air temperature, scavenging air pressure, cooling fresh water and exhaust gas temperature were measured using instrumentation of the ship. Results showed that emission factors (g/kWh) are higher than that of previous studies for SO2. This may be due to the high sulphur content of fuel. Particle number size distribution was observed to be the highest around 35 - 45 nm in diameter, and the particle number remarkably decreased during higher engine load conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAGA 17
Subtitle of host publicationworking together: the key way to enhance the quality of maritime education, training and research
Place of PublicationHaiphong, Vietnam
PublisherVietnam Maritime University
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9786049371202
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventAnnual General Assembly of the International Association of Maritime Universities (17th: 2016) - Haiphong, Viet Nam
Duration: 26 Oct 201629 Oct 2016


ConferenceAnnual General Assembly of the International Association of Maritime Universities (17th: 2016)
Abbreviated titleIAMU AGA 2016
Country/TerritoryViet Nam


  • On-board ship emission measurement
  • heavy fuel oil
  • fuel sulphur content
  • particle number emission factor
  • particulate matter emission factor
  • HFO composition


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